. Even though the new camera models have plenty of features to offer like 3D focusing and face detection, getting a perfect, sharp photo has always been a challenge for photographers. Here’s a list of hacks to sharpen your photos.
Use a fast shutter speed
Most of the time, if photos are blurred, it is because the shutter speed is slow. If you have a lens of 50mm, your shutter speed ought to be 1/50th of a second. This might probably seem quite fast, but it’s actually not, especially if you are shooting in lower light. It is more difficult if your subject is moving, which requires an even faster shutter speed. This is why photos captured in mobile phones often end up blurred, because they use slower shutter speeds.
Using a faster shutter speed only works if your camera is set up properly. Sometimes, using Auto in your camera is not favorable for a faster shutter speed. So, shooting in the Program or Shutter Priority mode is a good way to capture pictures.
Use a smaller aperture
The lens in your camera gathers the incoming light, focuses it and then allows you to take a picture. The amount of light that is let in is largely dependent on the size of the lens opening. A bigger opening allows more light in and a smaller aperture allows smaller amounts of light. Wider apertures allow faster shutter speeds which enable you to capture out-of-focus backgrounds common in many kinds of photography.
Depth of the field
When you use wide apertures, one thing that comes along with it is the shallow depth of field. Which means, only a small part of the image will be sharp and the rest around it will be blurred. Only in certain situations will such pictures be desirable. Shooting with wide apertures could make the depth of field so narrow that one part of the image might be sharp enough but the next part won’t be. But if you use a smaller aperture, your photo won’t be as blurred.
Use cross type focus points
Almost all the cameras come with cross-type focusing points. These are little points or grids you find in the viewfinder of your camera while focusing. The cross-type ones give you better results than the single-axis ones. These focus points are often limited in your viewfinder. And this can be a bit of a problem since normal-type focusing is mostly used to lock focus. So, as a solution, use the cross-type focusing point right in the center and adjust it according to the frame.
Use a tripod and live view and zoom in to 100%
Most of the time, you end up looking through the viewfinder instead of the Live View Function. Live View can be very useful depending on the type of photos you want to take. If there is live action , Live View is not that helpful, but if you want to shoot landscapes or any still photographs, Live View is very helpful.
Using live view
The trick to using live view is to frame your shot on a steady surface like a tripod and zoom into 100%. This gives you an ultra close-up of the image, and can then be adjusted using auto focus or manual focus accordingly. The 100% magnification helps you in getting pixel-perfect images. Landscape photographers often use this technique along with smaller apertures for a sharper and clearer image.
Focus-peaking on mirror-less cameras
This tip is for people who do not use DSLR cameras. Focus-peaking shows how exactly sharp your focus is. Many, but not all mirror-less cameras have this capability. While focus-peaking is enabled, you will see a set of dots, probably green or red, moving across the viewfinder. This shows that the spots are specifically focused and you can take your photo. The photo will turn out the way you wanted it to.
~ Aatika HJ, Write Wing Media