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Windows XP Services – Part 1

Friday, January 26th, 2007 by | Filed Under: Uncategorized
 
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Windows XP Services – Part 1

Have you ever wondered what all kinds of services Windows XP offers? Well, if you have, today is your lucky day, because that’s what we’re going to go over and I’ll be willing to bet that there’s some you’ve never heard of before. Here we go with letters A through N!

Alerter: Notifies selected users and computers of administrative alerts. If the service is stopped, programs that use administrative alerts will not receive them. If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.

Application Layer Gateway Service: Provides support for third party protocol plug-ins for Internet Connection Sharing and the Internet Connection Firewall.

Application Management: Provides software installation services, such as Assign, Publish and Remove.

Automatic Updates: Enables the download and installation of critical Windows updates. If the service is disabled, the operating system can be manually updated at the Windows Update Web site.

Background Intelligent Transfer Service: Uses idle network bandwidth to transfer data.

ClipBook: Enables ClipBook Viewer to store information and share it with remote computers. If the service is stopped, ClipBook Viewer will not be able to share information with remote computers. If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.

COM+ Event System: Supports System Event Notification Service (SENS), which provides automatic distribution of events to subscribing Component Object Model (COM) components. If the service is stopped, SENS will close and will not be able to provide log on and log off notifications. If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.

COM+ System Application: Manages the configuration and tracking of Component Object Model (COM)+ based components. If the service is stopped, most COM+ based components will not function properly. If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.

Computer Browser: Maintains an updated list of computers on the network and supplies this list to computers designated as browsers. If this service is stopped, this list will not be updated or maintained. If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.

Cryptographic Services: Provides three management services: Catalog Database Service, which confirms the signatures of Windows files; Protected Root Service, which adds and removes Trusted Root Certification Authority certificates from the computer and Key Service, which helps enroll this computer for certificates. If this service is stopped, these management services will not function properly. If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.

DHCP Client: Manages network configuration by registering and updating IP addresses and DNS names.

Distributed Link Tracking Client: Maintains links between NTFS files within a computer or across computers in a network domain.

Distributed Transaction Coordinator: Coordinates transactions that span multiple resource managers, such as databases, message queues and file systems. If this service is stopped, these transactions will not occur. If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.

DNS Client: Resolves and caches Domain Name System (DNS) names for the computer. If this service is stopped, this computer will not be able to resolve DNS names and locate Active Directory domain controllers. If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.

Error Reporting Service: Allows error reporting for services and applications running in non-standard environments.

Event Log: Enables event log messages issued by Windows based programs and components to be viewed in Event Viewer. This service cannot be stopped.

Fast User Switching Compatibility: Provides management for applications that require assistance in a multiple user environment.

Help and Support: Enables Help and Support Center to run on the computer. If this service is stopped, the Help and Support Center will be unavailable. If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.

Human Interface Device Access: Enables generic input access to Human Interface Devices (HID), which activates and maintains the use of predefined hot buttons on keyboards, remote controls and other multimedia devices. If this service is stopped, hot buttons controlled by this service will no longer function. If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.

IMAPI CD Burning COM Service: Manages CD recordings using Image Mastering Applications Programming Interface (IMAPI). If this service is stopped, this computer will be unable to record CDs. If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.

Indexing Service: Indexes contents and properties of files on local and remote computers and provides rapid access to files through flexible querying language.

Interactive Logon: Allows the Super Fast User Switcher to log in a user.

Internet Connection Firewall (ICF)/Internet Connection Sharing (ICS): Provides network address translation, addressing, name resolution and/or intrusion prevention services for a home or small office network.

IPSEC Services: Manages IP security policy and starts the ISAKMP/Oakley (IKE) and the IP security driver.

Logical Disk Manager: Detects and monitors new hard disk drives and sends disk volume information to the Logical Disk Manager Administrative Service for configuration. If this service is stopped, dynamic disk status and configuration information may become out of date. If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.

Logical Disk Manager Administrative Service: Configures hard disk drives and volumes. The service only runs for configuration processes and then stops.

Messenger: Transmits net send and Alerter service messages between clients and servers. This service is not related to Windows Messenger. If this service is stopped, Alerter messages will not be transmitted. If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.

MS Software Shadow Copy Provider: Manages software based volume shadow copies taken by the Volume Shadow Copy service. If this service is stopped, software based volume shadow copies cannot be managed. If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.

Net Logon: Supports pass through authentication of account log on events for computers in a domain.

NetMeeting Remote Desktop Sharing: Enables an authorized user to access this computer remotely by using NetMeeting over a corporate Intranet. If this service is stopped, remote desktop sharing will be unavailable. If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.

Network Connections: Manages objects in the Network and Dial-Up Connections folder, in which you can view both local area network and remote connections.

Network DDE: Provides network transport and security for Dynamic Data Exchange (DDE) for programs running on the same computer or on different computers. If this service is stopped, DDE transport and security will be unavailable. If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.

Network DDE DSDM: Manages Dynamic Data Exchange (DDE) network shares. If this service is stopped, DDE network shares will be unavailable. If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.

Network Location Awareness (NLA): Collects and stores network configuration and location information, and notifies applications when this information changes.

NT LM Security Support Provider: Provides security to remote procedure call (RPC) programs that use transports other than named pipes.

Now, I know you may not know what all of that means, but at least, now you know what types of services your XP computer is running under and if you happen to hear a term somewhere, you can refer back to this tip to read its definition. It all works out in the end! Also, make sure you stay tuned for tomorrow’s newsletter, because the rest of the services (P through Z) are coming your way!

~ Ramachandran Kumaraswami

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